How to make math game in scratch (Complete Guide)

How to make math game from scratch (Complete Guide). Scratch is a fun and engaging programming language that allows users to create interactive games and animations. One of the best ways to learn Scratch is by creating a game.

In this post, we will take you through a step-by-step guide on how to create a math game in Scratch. This game will be a fun way to test and improve your math skills. We will cover the basics of Scratch, including how to create sprites, backgrounds, and code blocks. By the end of this post, you will have a fully functioning math game that you can be proud of. So, let’s get started and create an exciting math game in Scratch!


Scratch is a popular visual programming language that provides a creative and interactive platform for beginners to learn coding. Developed by the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at the MIT Media Lab, Scratch has gained immense popularity among educators and students alike due to its user-friendly interface and ability to bring ideas to life.

One of the most exciting aspects of Scratch is its capability to create games. Whether you’re a teacher looking to engage your students with a fun math activity or an aspiring game developer wanting to explore the world of coding, Scratch offers a fantastic opportunity to create your very own math game.

With Scratch, you can design and code characters, backgrounds, and interactive elements that make learning math concepts enjoyable and immersive. By using a block-based programming approach, you can easily drag and drop commands to create actions, conditions, and events within your game.

The possibilities with Scratch are virtually endless. You can create games that help students practice addition, subtraction, and multiplication, or even tackle more advanced concepts like geometry and algebra. Scratch’s intuitive interface makes it accessible for learners of all ages, making it an exceptional tool for both educators and students to explore the world of math in a playful and engaging way.

In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of creating your own math game in Scratch. We will cover everything from setting up the project to designing characters, implementing game mechanics, and adding math-related challenges. So, let’s dive in and explore the incredible capabilities of Scratch for creating educational and entertaining math games!

Choosing the type of math game to create

When creating a math game in Scratch, the first step is to choose the type of game you want to create. There are various options to consider, each with its own unique challenges and learning opportunities.

One popular type of math game is a quiz-style game. In this type of game, players are presented with math questions and are required to select the correct answer from multiple choices. This type of game is great for practicing basic math skills and can be customized to focus on specific topics such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division.

Another type of math game is a puzzle or problem-solving game. This type of game challenges players to solve math-related puzzles or complete math-based tasks to progress through the game. These games often require critical thinking and problem-solving skills, making them a fun and engaging way to practice math concepts.

For those who prefer a more interactive and immersive experience, a math-based adventure game could be the right choice. In this type of game, players navigate through a virtual world, solving math problems and completing challenges to progress in the game. This type of game allows for creativity and storytelling while incorporating math concepts in a fun and engaging way.

When choosing the type of math game to create, consider your target audience and the specific math skills you want to reinforce. Think about what type of game would be most enjoyable and effective for your players. Whether it’s a quiz, puzzle, or adventure game, the key is to create a game that combines learning with entertainment, making math fun and accessible for all players.

Planning the game mechanics and features

Before diving into coding your math game in Scratch, it is crucial to spend some time planning the game mechanics and features. This step will help you define the goals, rules, and interactions that will make your game engaging and educational.

First, consider the main objective of your math game. Is it to solve equations, practice multiplication tables, or improve arithmetic skills? Clearly defining the learning outcome will guide your decisions throughout the planning process.

Next, think about the game mechanics that will make the learning experience enjoyable. Will the player earn points for correct answers? Will there be levels of difficulty that increase as the player progresses? How will you incorporate feedback and rewards to keep players motivated?

Consider the different types of math problems you want to include in your game. Will you focus on addition, subtraction, multiplication, or a combination of these operations? You can also think about incorporating other math concepts like fractions or geometry, depending on the target audience and learning objectives.

Furthermore, brainstorm additional features that will enhance the gameplay. For example, you may want to include a timer to add excitement and challenge, or power-ups that provide temporary advantages to the player. These features can make your math game more dynamic and engaging.

Finally, sketch out the design and layout of your game. Consider the visuals, user interface, and navigation elements that will make it intuitive and visually appealing. This planning stage will help you visualize the structure of your game and ensure a cohesive and enjoyable user experience.

By taking the time to plan the game mechanics and features, you will lay a solid foundation for your math game in Scratch. This careful consideration will enable you to create a game that is not only fun and interactive but also educational and impactful in reinforcing math skills.

Setting up the project in Scratch

Setting up the project in Scratch is the crucial first step in creating your own math game. Before diving into the coding process, it’s important to have a clear plan in mind, outlining the game’s objectives, rules, and features.

Start by launching Scratch and creating a new project. You’ll be greeted with a blank canvas, ready to bring your math game to life. Take a moment to brainstorm and visualize how you want your game to look and function.

Once you’ve set the backdrop, it’s time to create the game’s sprites. Sprites are the interactive characters or objects in your game. In the context of a math game, you might want to create sprites representing numbers, operators, or even animated characters that guide players through the game. Scratch provides a library of sprites to choose from, or you can create your own using the built-in editor.

After selecting or creating your sprites, position them on the backdrop as desired. You can use the drag-and-drop interface in Scratch to easily move and resize the sprites to fit your game’s design.

With the visual elements in place, it’s time to start thinking about the game’s functionality. Consider the interactions and mechanics you want to include. How will players input their answers? Will there be a timer or scoring system? Think about how you want players to navigate through the game and interact with the sprites and objects you’ve created.

Finally, it’s worth organizing your Scratch project by utilizing the different coding blocks and scripts. By segregating code blocks into distinct sections, you can easily manage and troubleshoot your project as it grows in complexity.

Setting up the project in Scratch is the foundation upon which your math game will be built. Take the time to plan and design your game’s visual elements, create the necessary sprites, and consider the interactions and functionality you want to implement. With a solid setup, you’ll be well-prepared to embark on the exciting coding journey to bring your math game to life.

Designing the game’s characters and backgrounds

Designing the characters and backgrounds of your math game is an exciting and creative step in the process. This is where you can let your imagination run wild and bring your game to life visually.

First, consider the theme and mood of your game. Are you creating a space-themed math game or a jungle adventure? This will help guide your choices for characters and backgrounds.

Once you have your character sketches, it’s time to transfer them into the Scratch program. You can use the built-in sprite editor to create your characters pixel by pixel, or you can import your own custom-made sprites if you prefer. Experiment with different colors, shapes, and sizes until you are satisfied with the look of your characters.

Remember to pay attention to details and make your characters and backgrounds visually appealing. However, it’s important not to get too caught up in perfectionism. The most important aspect is that your characters and backgrounds effectively convey the concept and theme of your math game.

By carefully designing your characters and backgrounds, you will create a visually captivating experience for players, making your math game more enjoyable and engaging. So, let your creativity shine, and have fun bringing your game to life through the art of design!

Customizing the game’s visuals and audio

Once you have the basic mechanics and functionality of your math game set up in Scratch, it’s time to add some customization to make it visually appealing and engaging for your players.

1. Visual Customization:

Choose a theme or concept for your game and design-related sprites and backgrounds. You can create your own graphics using the built-in editor in Scratch or import images from external sources. Consider using bright colors, clear fonts, and visually appealing elements to make your game visually appealing and easy to navigate.

2. Audio Customization:

Adding sound effects and background music can greatly enhance the player’s experience. Scratch allows you to upload your own audio files or use the built-in sound library. Consider using sound effects for actions like correct or incorrect answers, level completion, or game over. Choose background music that matches the mood and theme of your game to create a more immersive experience.

3. User Interface Customization:

Make sure the game’s user interface (UI) is intuitive and easy to understand. Use clear and concise instructions or prompts to guide players through the game. Consider adding buttons or icons for options like starting a new game, accessing settings, or pausing gameplay.

Remember to playtest your game during the customization process to ensure that the visuals and audio elements enhance the gameplay experience rather than detract from it. Iterate and make adjustments as needed to create a polished and engaging math game in Scratch.


We hope you found our step-by-step guide on creating a math game in Scratch helpful and inspiring. Learning math can be challenging for many students, but incorporating game-based learning can make it more engaging and enjoyable.

By following the instructions in this blog post, you can create your own math game in Scratch, tailored to the specific concepts and skills you want to reinforce. Get ready to have fun while learning math and unleash your creativity as you design and program your very own game.

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